Latest posts by Bethany N Dotson (see all)
- Discovering Bournemouth’s founding with Gale - April 11, 2016
- 8 reasons to check out The Telegraph Historical Archive, 1855-2000 - March 22, 2016
- Which (potentially unknown) American novel will inspire your research? - March 17, 2016
- Business, Bribery and the Broadsheets: Researching Companies and Industry with The Daily Telegraph - March 1, 2016
- The Assad regime in Syria: Exploring Topics in the News with U.S. Declassified Documents Online - February 3, 2016
Bournemouth offers many attractions—but before you take off to see the Lower Gardens or the Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum, why not familiarise yourself with a bit of the history of this scenic spot?
For years, Bourne Mouth was a nearly unpopulated plot of land crossed only by fishermen and smugglers. Early newspaper mentions were generally of this aspect:
In 1812, Bournemouth was ‘founded’ by Captain Lewis Tregonwell, a retired army officer who fell in love with the area while patrolling the coast line against Napoleon. He planted hundreds of pine trees and effectively brought Bournemouth into public notice as a vacation spot and spa town.
In 1841, a mention in Augustus Granville’s The Spas of England (reviewed in The Medico-Chirugical Review, and Journal of Medical Science) boosted the town’s reputation, and additional guides and promotion followed, including The Visitor’s Guide to Bournemouth, and its Neighbourhood.
Written by Thomas Johnstone Atkin and published in 1850, this 58-page guide from Nineteenth Century Collections Online offers ‘notices of the chief objects of interest within a distance of nine miles,’ a surprising number of which are still available: the beach, of course, but also several of the gardens, Tiverton Castle (referred to as simply ‘the castle’), and the church (which had been consecrated in 1845).
By February 1885, London itself had taken note to the point of featuring ‘literary notes’ on Bournemouth in the Graphic. Attributing Bournemouth’s existence to the passage in a book by Sir James Clark, the Queen’s physician, the Graphic touches on Bournemouth’s famous pinewood and recommends for all visitors the late Mr Bankes “History of Corfe Castle” as a ‘classic in topographical literature.’ For those interested in the history – or at least local lore – of these castles, I strongly recommend the rollicking Castles and Their Heroes: by Barabara Hutton, 1868 (Chapter IV: Corfe Castle).
During World War I, this seaside resort hotel was taken over by the government and became a hospital. The Daily Telegraph reports on 24 November 1915 that ‘visitors staying there are being transferred to other hotels’ to accommodate wounded Indian soldiers.
Today, attractions include the Victorian – including the Winter Gardens, the ancestor of Captain Tregonwell’s tree-planting—as well as the modern (after all, The Times did declare this ‘Britain’s sexiest resort’ in 1998).
Enjoy the historical and the contemporary sights while you’re in town – and we look forward to seeing you at Stand 45 at UKSG 2016!
 Aitkin, Thomas Johnstone. The Visitor’s Guide to Bournemouth, and Its Neighbourhood. 3rd ed. London; Sydenham: Ackerman; Bournemouth and Poole, 1850. Nineteenth Century Collections Online.